About the author: Atefa Sharifi is an alumna of Star Educational Society and is a member of Star’s Teacher Training class. She graduated from the Math Department of Sayed Jamaluddin Teacher Training Directorate and is currently a teacher at a governmental school in Kabul.
It is first necessary to understand and realize what the meanings of both culture and language are. Understanding the very close relationship between these two huge concepts is vital and fairly complicated.
Culture is defined as gathered ideas, beliefs, morals, customs, laws, and traditions. Culture is a part of every human being. The way they live, their social interactions, attitudes, wisdom, or generally their perception of the life, altogether represent their culture. However, for anthropologists and other behavioral scientists, culture is the full range of learned human behavior patterns.
Language is defined as an element of culture which plays a very important and vital role in daily life. Language allows people to communicate with each other in meeting their needs. Thus, it can also be defined as a communication tool. Language is defined as the ability to acquire and utilize a complex system of communication, particularly the human ability to do so, and a language is a specific example of such a system.
The way people express their ideas and the rules they apply when speaking is a form of culture which is easily being transferred by using language as a tool. Cultures grew and formed when the people around the world discovered a way to communicate and interact. Using language made it possible, it then helped the people to utilize their tongues to express what they thought. It also helped them to express their knowledge, ideas and transfer them to others too.
The relationship between language and culture is deeply rooted, as language is used to maintain and convey culture. And it is generally agreed that language and culture are closely related. Language can be viewed as a verbal expression of culture, as mentioned before. On the other hand, language gives humans the ability to express thoughts, to integrate, and adapt, as well as to maintain social control. It is therefore natural to assume that our thinking or thoughts have been influenced by the language which we use.
Culture hiding in language is a factor that shows the relationship between language and culture. Language is a part of culture and a part of human behavior. Language helps us in communicating and it is what transfers the culture to others. In turn, it helps shape both personality and culture. Language makes possible the growth and transmission of culture, the continuity of societies, and the effective functioning and control of social groups.